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Arruda dos Vinhos on the Historic Route of the “Linhas de Torres”

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Arruda dos Vinhos on the Historic Route of the "Linhas de Torres"
  • Arruda dos Vinhos on the Historic Route of the "Linhas de Torres"Arruda dos Vinhos on the Historic Route of the "Linhas de Torres"Start Time: 09:00Available: 6 seats
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Full Day
Availability : Jan 20’ - Dec 20’
Lisbon
Lisbon
Min Age : 10+
Max People : 6

The Municipality of Arruda is located at the gates of the capital, about 30 km to the north, in an area of ​​confluence between the west, the Ribatejo and the “saloia” region. Located in a fertile and pleasant valley, the old town of Arruda dos Vinhos dazzles not only for its history but also for the hospitality of its people.

A landscape characterized by a mixture of colours, in which the traditions mix with a new urbanity, in which the green of the vineyards and the yellow of the sears dot the valleys of this Enchanted Valley where the county seat is located.

About 30 minutes from Lisbon, Arruda dos Vinhos is the West County closest to the country’s capital, but where the rural traditions still resist in a marked way and in which the Wines are manifested both in the landscapes and in the economic activity, but especially in the virtuosity of the nectars produced there.

Tour Details

Arruda dos Vinhos, a county of traditions, has managed to find the balance between this secular rurality and the new urbanity that currently characterizes it.

Arruda dos Vinhos has been an important wine producing centre since ancient times, located in one of the best areas of wine production in the country. At the gastronomic level, it has a great diversity of restaurants and snack houses, where you can taste everything from the different cod and fish dishes to the grilled meats of various meats and abundant sweets characteristic of the saloia region, or from the Ribatejo area.

The earliest official document found on the foundation of the county dates back to 1172 and was drafted by D. Afonso Henriques, the first King of Portugal, through whom he donated the village of Arruda to the Order of Santiago and granted the Arruda your 1st Foral.

On January 15, 1517, as D. Manuel I, on 15 January 1517, he assigned to the village of Arruda, which had settled in this village, because it had “fled” from an outbreak of plague that had ravaged Lisbon, changed the invocation of Santa Maria de Arruda to Our Lady of Salvation, in thanks to the Patroness.

In spite of having ordered to rebuild the Church, much damaged by earthquakes, this only would happen between 1525 and 1531, after his death. Through the archaeological vestiges and toponymic references of its territory, it is verified that the beginning of its repopulation occurred some centuries before Christ. However, the controversy over the origin of the place name Arruda has come to prevail throughout its existence.

If one argues that “rue” derives from the scientific name of the plant “Ruta graveolens”, a sub-shrub originating in Southern Europe, of therapeutic qualities that abounded in the region that would be the origin of the toponym and which would have been the reason why D. Manuel and his Court had taken refuge in the village until the plague ceased in Lisbon, for other scholars the origin of the place name “Arruta” has been historically associated and referenced since the year 1172 to the “Latinization of the name because the land was known, if the original name.

The most consistent theory relates the name to its geographic location, territorial disposition, the fertility of the land and for being a point of passage and to be known for the agricultural production, especially the winery and for also serving as passage and outlet to the Tagus of other wines of the Western Region. Thus, the toponym of Arruda dos Vinhos derives from the route (great and important itinerary), the route of the wines, where they were produced and where they passed. Arruda was also a route of passage of the Way of Santiago, by the Parish of Santiago that, according to it, was founded by Crusaders in Century XII.

Arruda dos Vinhos was the scene of several important episodes in the History of Portugal, highlighting the resistance to the 3rd French Invasion to Portugal.

It is all this that we intend to make known in this unique course of 1 day, by the “Enchanted Valley in Arruda”.

Departure & Return Location

Pick up at 9am at hotel in Lisbon.

Drop off at 7pm at hotel in Lisbon.

Price Includes

  • Lunch at a typical restaurant
  • Regional wine tasting
  • Private Tours in a Luxury car or Sedan
  • Professional Driver
  • Mandatory Insurance
  • 24/7 Customer Service
  • All transport at destination

Price Excludes

  • Entrances or Tickets not referred
  • Meals not referred
  • Any Private Expenses
  • Guide Service Fee

Complementaries

  • Umbrella (if necessary)
  • Bottled Water
  • WiFi
What to Expect

In this tour at Arruda dos Vinhos we intend to introduce you to one of the Councils of the central zone of the region of Lisbon and Vale do Tejo, holder of a vast set of patrimony and that constitutes an important and particular testimony of Portuguese History and Culture.

With a very characteristic landscape and of great beauty, Arruda combines the rural and the urban landscape in a perfect symbiosis.

The dynamism of the economy, tourism, education, culture and quality of life, in general, are a reality in Arruda dos Vinhos, a municipality that is increasingly “on the doorstep” of the capital and, at the same time, with an identity and a very own culture.

  • Arruda dos Vinhos
  • Sobral de Monte Agraço
Itinerary

MorningArruda dos Vinhos

Arriving at Arruda dos Vinhos, the village that hides Arab secrets, which stretches on a horizon to make you lose your gaze, breathe the rurality.

The tour begins with a visit to the most significant patrimony of the Vila and the Municipality, namely:

Igreja Matriz de Arruda dos Vinhos

The Church of Our Lady of Salvation rises in the centre of the village, in the old part of town, in a large cobbled churchyard, celebrating festivities in its honour on August 15, a tradition that has been maintained until today. It is believed that the image currently venerated dates back to the 16th century.

After the reconquest of the village by D. Afonso Henriques, the Order of Santiago built or rebuilt the church, then belonging to the royal patronage and donated to the prior of the Convent of St. Vincente de Fora. Already in the thirteenth century, Don Sancho I donated it to the Order of Santiago, being integrated into the bishopric of Lisbon.
The church, with a longitudinal plan of mendicant influence, is divided into three naves separated by well-proportioned arches. The main chapel features an imposing baroque gilded altarpiece, surrounding the image of Our Lady of Salvation. There are also six remarkable 16th-century paintings that ennoble the side walls on 18th-century tiles.

From the vast array of tiles of this church, we can mention the polychrome tiles of the type of diamond tip of the XVII century and other blue and white that cover the walls, inserting in them panels with figures of saints. Particular attention should be paid to St. Kitts and St. George.

A chapel opens to the dome of the gospel which was dedicated to St. Francis of Assisi and belonged to the Third Franciscan Order, later to be made chapel of the Blessed Sacrament.

In this chapel, you can also enjoy a retable of gold and green carving. The tabernacle is a set of seventeenth-century paintings. The walls portray moments of the life of San Francisco in panels of polychrome tiles from the eighteenth century.

Outside the church stands a sixteenth-century bell tower topped by coriander. The facade also has a beautiful Manueline portal, flanked by pilasters with embossed images (two human figures). The decoration is based on ornamental elements of the Manueline religious architecture, inspired by engravings, folk art and ephemeral decorations.

O Chafariz Pombalino

This fountain was built in 1789 to provide water to the population of the village and was classified as Property of Public Interest in 2005.

Of Pombaline and Baroque influences in its constitution, it presents in its crown the arms of Portugal. It is unknown who was the architect, builder and author, being typologically a fountain of a backrest. In its construction were used materials such as mixed masonry, painted plaster and stone limestone and the back is divided by pilasters.

Hospital e Igreja da Misericórdia

Date of 1574 the institution of Santa Casa da Misericórdia de Arruda dos Vinhos. The Misericórdia Hospital was built by the foundation of Santa Casa da Misericórdia in Arruda in 1574 and is located in Largo da Vila. It was the first Hospital of the Holy Spirit. It has an 18th-century church, in the style of Baroque and Rococo.

The Palace of the Morgado

It is a seventeenth-century palace with a high aristocratic front, torn by seven porch windows, with Coat of Arms, above the central window. In its alignment is attached a beautiful chapel dated 1781, which occupies a third of the frontage facing east. They extend southwards, a vast and beautiful garden and a house of rural scope, that borders with the fountain, turned to the east, and that dates from 1789.

In the south façade of the Palace, there is a delicate, wide-open staircase with a single span, with access to a sheltered terrace with a wall and benches lined with polychrome tiles of the time. At this level five windows, two of which are balconies, alternating and equidistant. The adjacent chapel completes this true space of social representation, which sums up the ideal of life of the eighteenth-century nobility.

This beautiful manner, which was in noble times and which houses the municipal library Irene Lisboa served, of course, of a stage for beautiful parties and business meetings.

Historic Route of Linhas de Torres

The Historic Route of the Linhas de Torres (RHLT) consists of a set of six tour routes and extends between the Atlantic Ocean and the Tagus River, crossing the territory of six municipalities (Arruda dos Vinhos, Loures, Mafra, Sobral de Monte Agraço, Torres Vedras and Vila Franca de Xira).

In the vicinity of Lisbon, the RHLT is a military reference heritage for the History of Europe. The sites and equipment that constitute it are available to the visitor and tell the story of building one of the most effective defence systems in the world.

In front of the Lines of Torres, Napoleon knew its first defeat, in 1810, that would become definitive with the battle of Waterloo, in 1815. It was a turning point that consecrated “our integrity like free country”.

Today, these sites have become an important tourist-cultural route.

The Historic Route of the Torres Lines was recognized in 2011 by Turismo de Portugal with the award of the Requalification Project Public Award.

The Linhas de Torres Line Historic Route was one of the 17 winning projects of the Europa Nostra 2014 prize in the category “Conservation”. This is a distinction given by the European Union and the Europa Nostra Network, as regards the preservation and defence of the European cultural heritage, which recognized all the joint work developed. The Historic Route of the Torres Lines is a member of the European Federation of Napoleonic Cities.

Arruda dos Vinhos and his role in the French Invasions

The British General Wellington was responsible for building the Lines of Towers that gave rise to one of the most remarkable military events of all time. The 1st Line of Defense, which includes the fortifications of Arruda (Cego, Carvalha and Passo) was the defensive line of the whole Peninsula of Torres Vedras and totally insurmountable.

The Arruda dos Vinhos Circuit consists of the Torres Line Interpretation Center, the Forte do Cego (military work no. 9) and Forte da Carvalha (Military Work no. 10) and it integrates the route of the Historical Route of the Lines of Torres «Grandes Gorges», bringing together the historical-cultural and environmental potential inherent in the Torres Lines, with the gastronomy, wines and landscape component that characterizes the county, as a means of promoting and developing tourism.

The Municipality of Arruda dos Vinhos, committed to safeguarding and disseminating its Historical and Cultural heritage, was associated with the Commemorations of the Bicentenary of the Lines of Towers that guaranteed the independence of Portugal during the third French invasion led by General Massena.

The Municipality of Arruda dos Vinhos played a fundamental role in the promotion of initiatives that culminated in the creation of an Intermunicipal Platform to stimulate and make known to the Portuguese and to the World the group of Forts that did not let the French of Napoleon pass in this line of defence and which are intended to be a pole of interest, with a historical, cultural and military significance of extreme importance in the national and European context.

MorningArruda dos Vinhos (Historical route of the "Linhas de Torres")

Center of Interpretation of the Lines of Towers

The Center of Interpretation of the Linhas de Torres in Arruda dos Vinhos, is located in the Cultural Center of the Morgado. The same is true for its multifunctional structure, revealing the heritage of the county associated with the Lines of Towers, affirmed its importance in the context of the French Invasions.

Characterized by an appealing and contemporary graphic design, as well as by interactivity, it approaches the theme through a museum discourse accessible to different audiences, stimulates and invites the visitor to know and enjoy the military structures of the county – Forte do Cego (Military Work no. 9) and Forte da Carvalha (Military Work No. 10) – and its surrounding landscape.

The creation of an Interpretation Center dedicated to the knowledge of the Peninsular War and the Forts de Arruda dos Vinhos was intended to be a dynamic center contributing not only to the tourist / cultural animation of the region, but also to to know an important legacy of military history that are the strongholds of the lines of Towers located in the county of Arruda dos Vinhos, as well as the policy of burned earth practiced by the Portuguese and English armies in the combat to the armies of Napoleon.

Therefore, it is intended that this Center is the place where all knowledge and ideas for the interpretation and understanding of this territory with history and the place that functions as a starting point and origin of different routes and cultural, educational and tourist routes, strengthened by the touristic circuits and other patrimonial and gastronomic nuclei.

The opening of this Center, the Fort of the Blind and the Fort of Carvalha placed them to the historical enjoyment of the Lines of Towers (RHLT). This Route aims to guarantee the protection of a heritage of exceptional importance.

The Torres Line Interpretation Center in Arruda dos Vinhos received in 2011 an Honorable Mention for the best management and multimedia application by APOM – Portuguese Museum Association.

Having finished the visit to this important Center and before lunch, it is proposed to give a brief tour of the Arruda dos Vinhos Municipal Garden, a pleasant place with plenty of space, trees, shadows, a playground, bike path, equipment and sports fields.

Next to the garden is the José Marques Simões bullring dating from the first half of the 18th century XX and reflects the bullring traditions of the people Arrudense and its connection to the bullfight.

Lunch is followed in a typical restaurant that enjoys national popularity, especially for its codfish, considered by many as the best-roasted cod in Portugal, if not the world.

AfternoonArruda dos Vinhos

Returning to the tour, it is now proposed a walk through the Forts located in Arruda dos Vinhos and referenced in the Center of Interpretation of the Lines of Towers given the important role they played:

Fort of the Carvalha

This fort, Military Work No. 10, is part of the Lines of Towers and is located at the highest point of the county, at 394 meters of altitude. It had capacity for 400 soldiers and was garrisoned by four gunboats and a magazine of ammunition.

It continues with a passage through the main Churches and Chapels located in Arruda and in the neighborhood of the Municipality, namely:

Igreja de Santiago (Santiago dos Velhos)

The date of the construction of this church is unknown, nevertheless, it is previous to 1131 given to existing in the sacristy a cross of the Order of the Templars with that date.

Miradouro de Cardosas (Cardosas)

Taking advantage of the fact that we are in Cardosas, we can not miss the opportunity to visit Miradouro de Cardosas. Situated in the place with the same name, this Belvedere, about a kilometre from the village, stands out for the view that allows you to reach over the Arruda valley.

Adega Cooperativa de Arruda dos Vinhos

Arruda dos Vinhos is an important wine-producing centre, and it is located in one of the best regions of wine production in the country.

As a corollary of this unforgettable journey, nothing like proving the wines, the nectar produced from the grapes harvested in the vineyards of Arruda.

This is what we propose to do at the Adega Cooperativa de Arruda dos Vinhos, where you can enjoy wine tastings and guided tours.

The Municipality of Arruda dos Vinhos has a very interesting natural heritage. From harmony, it is a nearly perfect symbiosis between the rural and the urban, which invites you to practice different outdoor activities, such as walking, mountain biking, equestrian activities, paragliding, geocaching, aeromodelling, among others.

Finally, there is the record of the legend of “Witch of Arruda” The most famous Portuguese witch is still known today as “Witch of the Arruda”. It was not only one but a succession of several women of the same family who over the course of several generations were passing on their secret from mothers to daughters. It is not known at what time the first Witch of Arruda dates back, but it is supposed that it will have inherited its knowledge of some Commendatories of Order of Santiago that remained in Arruda of Wines, passing from generation to generation.

After the tour in Arruda dos Vinhos and on the way back to Lisbon, we propose a stop at Sobral de Monte Agraço, for a brief visit to the Interpretation Center of the Torres Lines which is an integral part of the Historic Route of the Torres Lines and to the Church of São Quintino, considered a national monument.

TardeSobral de Monte Agraço

Center of Interpretation of the “Linhas de Torres”

The Linhas de Torres Interpretation Center (CILT) is a polynucleated museum space that aims to safeguard, study and promote the heritage of the Torres Lines as a military defense system that dictated the final withdrawal of the Napoleonic army from Portugal, known as the 3rd French invasion – one of the most striking episodes of the Peninsular War.

It is located in the historical centre of the village of Sobral de Monte Agraço, once the scene of one of the most expressive combats between the allied troops (Portuguese and English) and the French troops – the battle of Sobral.

The CILT integrates the Historical Route of the Linhas de Torres (RHLT) and in its direct dependence is the Tour Circuit of the Alqueidão. From there, it is also possible to get to know the Wellington Trail and get information about other routes and the activity of the Historical Route of the Torres Lines.

With the aim of making known this period of Portuguese and European history, of promoting the interest for citizenship and for the self-determination of the peoples, the CILT develops with several pedagogical ateliers entities. It also monitors visits to the exhibition and the Circuit of Alqueidão to groups of children and youths and groups of adults, by prior appointment.

Igreja de São Quintino: Rota Histórica das Linhas de Torress

This magnificent Manueline work had its construction started in 1520. Its construction was slow, as can be verified by the dates of completion of the chapel that communicates with the south façade, 1532, or by the constant date in the baptistery, 1592, of interior tile was started in 1612, being, therefore, the last Manueline monument to be built.

The church of Santo Quintino is one of the most beautiful temples of architecture Manueline and reindeer-scientist. Built by King Manuel I in 1520, it has been considered a national monument since 1910. It is visited regularly by students and tourists, who have been rendered to the artistic diversity of the tiles, painting and sculpture they present.

End of the tour and return to Lisbon.

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1 Review
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José

Couple Traveller

Excelent tour with a lot of history. Nice food and wine.

04/18/2019
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